retrospective study

A study that compares two groups of people: those with the disease or condition under study (cases) and a very similar group of people who do not have the disease or condition (controls). Researchers study the medical and lifestyle histories of the people in each group to learn what factors may be associated with the disease or condition. For example, one group may have been exposed to a particular substance that the other was not. Also called a case-control study.

English dictionary of cancer terms . 2015.

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  • retrospective study — 1. a backward looking review of the characteristics of a group of individuals in relation to morbidity, embracing some aspects of cross sectional study and/or case control study. The term is sometimes loosely used as a synonym for such studies. 2 …   Medical dictionary

  • retrospective study — retrospektyvusis tyrimas statusas T sritis biomedicinos mokslai atitikmenys: angl. retrospective study ryšiai: žiūrėk – atvejo ir kontrolės tyrimas žiūrėk – kohortinis tyrimas šaltinis Pagrindinės epidemiologijos sąvokos : mokomasis žodynas /… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • retrospective study — 1) a review of the characteristics of a group of individuals, some of whom have a specific disease or condition, to investigate possible causes by comparing affected and unaffected individuals in terms of past experience. See also: case control… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • retrospective study — Stats a study that examines data collected before it began, for example, to measure the risk factors that predispose people to disease …   The ultimate business dictionary

  • Изучение Ретроспективное (Retrospective Study) — изучение каких либо присущих некоторой группе людей признаков, связанных с развитием у них того или иного заболевания в прошлом, включая некоторые аспекты профильного и/или контрольного изучения случаев заболевания. Данный термин иногда… …   Медицинские термины

  • Study design — A study design is an analytic approach to conduct an epidemiological investigation, such as a clinical trial. Types of designSome of the most popular designs are sorted below, with the ones at the top being the most powerful at reducing observer… …   Wikipedia

  • retrospective — ret|ro|spec|tive1 [ˌretrəˈspektıv] adj [usually before noun] 1.) related to or thinking about the past ▪ a retrospective study of 110 patients 2.) BrE a law or decision that is retrospective is effective from a particular date in the past =… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • retrospective — I UK [ˌretrəʊˈspektɪv] / US [ˌretroʊˈspektɪv] adjective * 1) relating to or considering things that happened in the past a retrospective study/analysis 2) a retrospective law or decision affects things that have happened since a particular date… …   English dictionary

  • retrospective — ret|ro|spec|tive1 [ ,retrou spektıv ] adjective * 1. ) relating to or considering things that happened in the past: a retrospective study/analysis 2. ) a retrospective law or decision affects things that have happened since a particular date in… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • retrospective — [ˌretrəʊˈspektɪv] adj I relating to things that have already happened or that have already been done a retrospective study/analysis[/ex] retrospectively adv II noun [C] retrospective [ˌretrəʊˈspektɪv] an exhibition that includes examples of an… …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

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