islet of Langerhans cell

A pancreatic cell that produces hormones (e.g., insulin and glucagon) that are secreted into the bloodstream. These hormones help control the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Also called endocrine pancreas cell and islet cell.

English dictionary of cancer terms . 2015.

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  • Langerhans cell — Lang·er·hans cell läŋ ər .hän(t)s n a dendritic cell of the interstitial spaces of the mammalian epidermis that functions as an antigen presenting cell which binds antigen entering through the skin and transports it to the lymph nodes P.… …   Medical dictionary

  • islet of Langerhans — islet of Lang·er·hans läŋ ər .hänz, .hän(t)s n any of the groups of small slightly granular endocrine cells that form anastomosing trabeculae among the tubules and alveoli of the pancreas and secrete insulin and glucagon called also islet… …   Medical dictionary

  • islet cell — A pancreatic cell that produces hormones (e.g., insulin and glucagon) that are secreted into the bloodstream. These hormones help control the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Also called endocrine pancreas cell and islet of Langerhans cell …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • islet cell — n one of the endocrine cells making up an islet of Langerhans …   Medical dictionary

  • islet — A small island. blood i. SYN: blood island. islets of Langerhans cellular masses varying from a few to hundreds of cells lying in the interstitial tissue of the pancreas; they are composed of different cell types that comprise the endocrine …   Medical dictionary

  • Islet cell transplantation — Islet transplantation is the transplantation of isolated islets from a donor pancreas and into another person. It is an experimental treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus. Once transplanted, the islets begin to produce insulin, actively… …   Wikipedia

  • Islet cell carcinoma — Classification and external resources A symptomatic patient with pheochromocytoma and islet cell tumor of the pancreas. A small right pheochromocytoma with a necrotic center (P) is s …   Wikipedia

  • Langerhans, islets of — or islands of Langerhans Irregularly shaped patches of endocrine tissue in the pancreas. The normal human pancreas has about one million of them. Beta cells, the most common islet cells, produce insulin to regulate blood glucose. (Inadequate… …   Universalium

  • Cell — The basic structural and functional unit in people and all living things. Each cell is a small container of chemicals and water wrapped in a membrane. Each cell in the human body there are 100 trillion cells in each of us contains the entire… …   Medical dictionary

  • Langerhans cells granules islets (islands) — Lan·ger·hans cells, granules, islets (islands) (lahngґər hahnz) [Paul Langerhans, German pathologist, 1847–1888] see under cell and islet and see Birbeck granules, under granule …   Medical dictionary

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