monoclonal antibody


monoclonal antibody
A type of protein made in the laboratory that can locate and bind to substances in the body and on the surface of cancer cells. There are many kinds of monoclonal antibodies; each one is made to find a different substance. Monoclonal antibodies are being used to treat some types of cancer and are being studied in the treatment of other types. They can be used alone or to carry drugs, toxins, or radioactive materials directly to a tumor.

English dictionary of cancer terms . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • monoclonal antibody — n. Immunology an antibody produced by a hybridoma for a specific antigen …   English World dictionary

  • monoclonal antibody — Biotech. antibody produced by a laboratory grown cell clone, either of a hybridoma or a virus transformed lymphocyte, that is more abundant and uniform than natural antibody and is able to bind specifically to a single site on almost any chosen… …   Universalium

  • monoclonal antibody — (MAb; mon o klōn al) An antibody of a single type that is produced by a population of genetically identical plasma cells (a clone); a monoclonal antibody is typically produced from a cell culture derived from the fusion product of a cancer cell… …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • Monoclonal antibody — An antibody produced by a single clone of cells (specifically, a single clone of hybridoma cells) and therefore a single pure homogeneous type of antibody. Monoclonal antibodies can be made in large amounts in the laboratory and are a cornerstone …   Medical dictionary

  • monoclonal antibody — an antibody produced artificially from a cell clone and therefore consisting of a single type of immunoglobulin. Monoclonal antibodies are produced by fusing antibody forming lymphocytes from mouse spleen with mouse myeloma cells. The resulting… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • monoclonal antibody — noun any of a class of antibodies produced in the laboratory by a single clone of cells or a cell line and consisting of identical antibody molecules • Syn: ↑monoclonal • Hypernyms: ↑antibody • Hyponyms: ↑infliximab, ↑Remicade …   Useful english dictionary

  • monoclonal antibody — noun an antibody produced by a single clone of cells or cell line and consisting of identical antibody molecules …   English new terms dictionary

  • monoclonal antibody — mon′oclo′nal an′tibody n. lab any antibody produced by a laboratory grown cell clone, either of a hybridoma or a virus transformed lymphocyte, in order to achieve greater abundance and uniformity than provided by a natural antibody Abbr. MAb •… …   From formal English to slang

  • monoclonal antibody — /ˌmɒnoʊkloʊnəl ˈæntibɒdi/ (say .monohklohnuhl anteebodee) noun an antibody produced by a cell cloned in a laboratory, which produces antibodies more abundantly and uniformly than a natural cell, the antibody being able to bind specifically to a… …   Australian English dictionary

  • monoclonal antibody — Abbreviation: mAb An antibody, produced by a hybridoma, directed against a single antigenic determinant of an antigen …   Glossary of Biotechnology


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